Type 2 diabetes
Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 is commonly known as Type 2 Diabetes

Explore Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disorder that is characterized by high levels of glucose in the bloodstream which leads to hyperglycemia if untreated.

It is strongly linked to obesity and unhealthy lifestyle habits such as lack of physical activity, poor diet and smoking.

How common is type 2 diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes is by far the most common form of diabetes mellitus, accounting for roughly 90% of all cases of diabetes. It affects an estimated 330 million people worldwide, including over 29 million people in the United States.

What causes type 2 diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes develops when natural production of insulin, the hormone used to control levels of blood glucose:

  • Becomes insufficient for the body’s needs or
  • Its effectiveness is reduced

This results in higher-than-normal blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia) during some parts or all of the day.