Nearly 30 million Americans have diabetes
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) report that 29 million people have diabetes mellitus in the United States.
The latest figures show that 9.3% of the US population has diabetes and the number of people with diabetes has increased by 3 million since 2010. The figures also estimate that 1 in 4 people with diabetes are not aware that they have the condition.
The rise in diabetes prevalence does not look set to slow as there 86 million people with prediabetes, a state in which blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not to an extent to be diagnosed as having type 2 diabetes. The vast majority, around 90% of people with prediabetes, are not aware they have it.
If people with prediabetes do not sufficient action to lose weight or take more physical activity, they face a 15-30% likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes within the next five years. This means that within 5 years, there could be as many as between 42 and 55 million people with type 2 diabetes.
Currently, around 90% of people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes and rates of the metabolic condition have been rising steeply. In most cases, type 2 diabetes can be prevented or significantly delayed by achieving or maintaining a healthy weight and taking regular exercise. Rates of type 1 diabetes, an autoimmune condition not associated with lifestyle, are also rising, albeit not as quickly as type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes mellitus is a serious condition that needs to be well managed to minimise the risks of developing health complications including heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, retinal damage and foot amputation.
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