Diet Journal

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) report that 29 million people have diabetes mellitus in the United States.

The latest figures show that 9.3% of the US population has diabetes and the number of people with diabetes has increased by 3 million since 2010. The figures also estimate that 1 in 4 people with diabetes are not aware that they have the condition.

The rise in diabetes prevalence does not look set to slow as there 86 million people with prediabetes, a state in which blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not to an extent to be diagnosed as having type 2 diabetes. The vast majority, around 90% of people with prediabetes, are not aware they have it.

If people with prediabetes do not sufficient action to lose weight or take more physical activity, they face a 15-30% likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes within the next five years. This means that within 5 years, there could be as many as between 42 and 55 million people with type 2 diabetes.

Currently, around 90% of people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes and rates of the metabolic condition have been rising steeply. In most cases, type 2 diabetes can be prevented or significantly delayed by achieving or maintaining a healthy weight and taking regular exercise. Rates of type 1 diabetes, an autoimmune condition not associated with lifestyle, are also rising, albeit not as quickly as type 2 diabetes.

Diabetes mellitus is a serious condition that needs to be well managed to minimise the risks of developing health complications including heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, retinal damage and foot amputation.